Wednesday, November 19, 2014

10 songs about medication

A lot of songs are about illicit drugs, but far fewer are about medication. When popular music approaches the subject of medication, it usually expresses skepticism for medicine's efficacy or sings about recreational use and abuse. 

Some brand-name drugs in particular seem to inspire songwriters. Prozac is the subject of songs by MXPX, Vanilla Ice, Five Foot Thick, and others. Valium is mentioned in numerous songs. The generic drug name morphine was adopted as the name of a band

Along similar lines as these songs about medication, Music Weird previously compiled songs from the early '50s about Hadacol, a notorious snake-oil remedy. Most of those songs are humorous ones that joke about the recreational use of Hadacol, which had a high alcohol content.

Without further ado, here are 10+ pill poppin', syrup sippin' songs about medication.

1. Ray Stevens – "Jeremiah Peabody's Polyunsaturated Quick-Dissolving Fast-Acting Pleasant-Tasting Green and Purple Pills"

This was Ray Stevens' first hit, which the Top 40 in 1961. It holds the record for having the second-longest song title ever to appear on the Billboard chart. (Really, I consider it to have the longest title, because the record for the longest title is held by the "Stars on 45" medley, which isn't the same kind of title; it's just a long list of songs.)

2. Rolling Stones – "Mother's Little Helper"

A song about a wife and mother who uses Valium to get through the day. 

3. Loretta Lynn – "The Pill"

A song about birth-control pills. 


4. D12 – "Purple Pills"

This song contains a list of various narcotics and medications, including Valium. A heavily censored "clean" version titled "Purple Hills" was also released. 

5. Lil Wyte – "Oxy Cotton"

This song is like The Pill Book set to music. Lots of name-brand pharmaceuticals are mentioned in this song about the recreational abuse of prescription and illicit drugs.

6. New York Dolls – "Pills"

In which a rock and roll nurse administers pills and injections that only make things worse. 

7. The Moles – "Tendrils and Paracetamol"

No video. Paracetamol is the name for acetaminophen outside the U.S. and Japan.

8. Lil' Wayne – "Pill Poppin' Animal"

Discusses pill popping and (cough) syrup sipping in general but doesn't name any brands. 


9. Pink – "Just Like a Pill" (2001)

Mentions morphine and compares an ex-lover to bad medication.  


10. Soulja Boy's "Too Juiced Up," Future's "Dirty Sprite," and Three 6 Mafia's "Sippin' on Some Syrup" 

Three songs about "dirty Sprite" (also known as lean or purple drank), which is a cocktail of Sprite, hydrocodone and/or cough syrup with codeine, and sometimes Xanax (aprazolam). Those kids that break into your house and steal nothing but prescription medications are probably wanting to make this.


Saturday, November 15, 2014

What are "auto-generated by YouTube" music videos?

I was surprised recently when I saw that several of my recordings had appeared as music videos on YouTube. All of the videos look the same: Each one, in addition to the audio of a song, includes an image of the album art and some text that provides the artist name and album title. The bare-bones descriptions that accompany the videos provide composer and copyright information and the statement "auto-generated by YouTube." What are these auto-generated music videos on YouTube, I wondered, and how are they created? 

A few years ago, YouTube introduced auto-generated channels, which are automatically created collections of videos related to specific topics. Google's support pages say that the auto-generated YouTube channels are created by algorithms that "collect trending and popular videos by topic." As with any other user channels, you can subscribe to the auto-generated channels "and stay updated on new videos" within a topic category.

YouTube has had these auto-generating channels since at least 2011, because WebProNews reported in 2012 that the channels had been around for over a year.

Auto-generated videos take the auto-generated channel concept a step further: Instead of simply compiling existing user-uploaded content by topic, YouTube is now creating the videos themselves—automatically. So far, YouTube has auto-generated videos for four of my recordings, all of which are taken from the 2014 February Records EP Way Last June.

How does YouTube select the content for these auto-generated videos?


The Google support pages say that that the auto-generated channels are "created when YouTube algorithmically identifies a topic to have a significant presence on the site." Presumably, the algorithm for creating the auto-generated videos is similarly based on search terms and web traffic patterns. 

The channel in which these music videos appear is blandly named "Various Artists – Topic," which doesn't seem like a topic that many viewers would subscribe to, but almost 500 people have subscribed to one of the two auto-generated YouTube channels that has this name. The second, identically named channel has about 50 subscribers as of this writing. The "about" section of the second channel even provides a helpful definition of the term "various artists," in case someone doesn't know what that means. 

Although a "subscribe" button appears below the name of the channel (which appears below the video), it didn't work for me. When I clicked on it, I got a message that said, "This channel is not available." I had to perform a Google search to find the landing page for the channel. It's pretty boring. It looks like something that was automatically generated.

There are now approximately a gazillion of these auto-generated videos on YouTube, many of which have received no views. The prospect of an endless proliferation of automically generated videos reminds me of the Jeff Carlson novel Plague Year, in which self-replicating, flesh-eating nanobots spread inexorably and nearly wipe out humankind. Just like these videos might do! If content is king, as Bill Gates said, then the king has become a mindless automaton.

Is it okay for YouTube to do this? 


I don't really mind that these videos of my recordings exist, but not everyone will feel the way I do. Artists could have a number of legitimate objections to the videos. For example, if artists had created or intended to create videos of their own, these auto-generated videos would compete with the official videos. Artists might also object to the design aesthetic of the videos or the song selection.

But the biggest potential issues are copyright and compensation. Artists receive no royalties from these videos, and YouTube posts the videos without permission from the copyright owners. It's strange that YouTube—which suspends users' accounts and deletes videos if it detects copyright infringement or receives complaints from copyright holders—now trawls the internet for music and posts it without permission on an increasingly massive scale. Class-action suit, anyone?

To its credit, YouTube has a program called Content ID that reportedly has paid out $1 billion to copyright holders. The Content ID program requires copyright holders to locate infringing content and then file claims in order to delete it or monetize it. It's hard to imagine that people would accept a rights-management model like this one in other areas, such as the publications industry. What if you could reprint authors' books with impunity until they noticed it and said something?

Sunday, November 9, 2014

New release documents the birth of orchestral rock

On November 18, the Complete 60s label will release Rock & Roll Symphony No. 1: A 1959 Stereo Concert, the first (and likely to be the only) anthology to document the brief fad for setting orchestral instrumentals to rock rhythms.

The rock rhythm we're talking about here, to be specific, is the rock and roll triplet, which originated in R&B but then became a ubiquitous feature of pop and rock recordings. Bandleaders had two goals in pairing orchestral instrumentals with rock rhythms: The first was to sell orchestral music to teenagers, and the second, more activist goal was to uplift the youth by providing them with "better," more sophisticated music than the brainless rock and roll that kids otherwise listened to (in the bandleaders' view—not mine). Enoch Light, in the liner notes he wrote for his album With My Eyes Wide Open I'm Dreaming, makes this point very explicitly: “Rock and roll must be applied to better melodies than it usually is.” And 101 Strings’ David L. Miller, in the liner notes of Back Beat Symphony, said, "Too often, teenagers “must be satisfied with badly written songs with borderline obscene lyrics.”

I wrote the liner notes for this CD and was excited to work on the project, because I've been a fan of this music for a long time. The album contains the complete 101 Strings album Back Beat Symphony, which appears on CD for the first time here. This album and its single, "Back Beat Symphony," were more successful than the charts suggest. Billboard reported that after Dick Clark played "Back Beat Symphony" on American Bandstand, the single sold 400,000 copies. It made the Top 40 in Cleveland, Buffalo, and Pittsburgh but didn't register on the national charts. (Music Weird previously wrote about 101 Strings' unusual discography here.)

The anthology also contains the stereo debut of Frank Pourcel's French Fiddles' five-million-selling orchestral arrangement of the Platters' "Only You (And You Alone)," which was so successful that it even reached the R&B Top 20 in 1959. Despite the title, the anthology isn't confined to recordings from 1959. A few other later recordings in the same vein are also included: Percy Faith's "'The Theme from 'A Summer Place'"—the biggest hit of 1960—and Raymond Lefèvre's hard-to-find hit "Soul Coaxing (Ame Caline)" from 1968.

All of the recordings were carefully remastered in wide stereo by a team of engineers and stereophiles. Here are some particulars on some of the other contributors to the brief fad for orchestral rock, some of which are featured on Rock & Roll Symphony No. 1: A 1959 Stereo Concert.

Enoch Light  and the Light Brigade

Light's album With My Eyes Wide Open I'm Dreaming contained the 1959 hit of the same name and other orchestral rock tracks in a similar vein. It was Light's only orchestral rock album; he otherwise recorded ultra-high-fidelity stereo showcase albums like the Persuasive Percussion series. 

The Knightsbridge Strings

The Knightsbridge Strings were a studio ensemble of London musicians. Their arrangements were penned by Reg Owen, who had a big hit under his own name with “Manhattan Spiritual,” and Malcolm Lockyer. The Knightsbridge Strings had orchestral rock hits with instrumental renditions of "Wheel of Fortune" and "Cry," both of which were included on their album The Strings Swing.

Ray MartinThe Rockin' Strings of Ray Martin

Features orchestral arrangements of pop standards, like "Who's Sorry Now?" and "Blueberry Hill," with rock rhythms. 

Raymond Scott – Raymond Scott Presents the Rock 'n Roll Symphony

This anomalous 1958 album by Raymond Scott is similar to Ray Martin's: It contains orchestral rock renditions of oldies like "Stardust" and "How High the Moon." A poorly mastered reissue is available on Amazon.


The Back-Beat Philharmonic

The Back-Beat Philharmonic, which released only one single, was actually the Islanders—the duo of Frank Metis and Randy Starr—who wrote and produced the 1959 hit "The Enchanted Sea." In 1961, Metis and Starr recorded this rock version of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony as "Rock and Roll Symphony" under the name Back-Beat Philharmonic. The recording, poorly mastered from vinyl, is included on the anthology Axes, Saxes, Skins & Ivories: 25 Instrumental Rareities [sic] Volume 2.

Thursday, November 6, 2014

The waltz was the twerking of the 1800s

Music Weird previously wrote about the doomed effort to revive the waltz among teenagers in the 1950s. Back then, the waltz seemed genteel and old fashioned in comparison to rock and roll, but it wasn't always that way. In fact, the waltz was once the "dirty dancing" of the 1800s, like twerking is today.

You could even argue that the waltz was worse than twerking, because twerking is likely to be a passing fad, but the waltz hung around for ages to torment moral authorities.

The waltz is rooted in gliding dances of the 16th century in which dancers held each other close, which the was the largest part of the controversy surrounding the dance. By the mid 17th century, a dance called the waltzer was being danced in Germany and Austria. By the early 18th century, the dance had spread to Britain.

Today, Music Weird compiles over 100 years' worth (!) of grousing about the moral blight that was the waltz.


In the German novel Geschichte des Fräuleins von Sternheim by Sophie von La Roche, one of the characters described the waltz as follows:
But when he put his arm around her, pressed her to his breast, cavorted with her in the shameless, indecent whirling-dance of the Germans and engaged in a familiarity that broke all the bounds of good breeding—then my silent misery turned into burning rage.


The book Mozart: A Cultural Biography reports that the Queen of Prussia "averted her eyes when she beheld the waltz at its introduction to the court in 1794," and that Montaigne "stared in astonishment at couples turning away as they danced in close embrace" in Augsburg, Germany.


The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure reported on an English duel that resulted from a disagreement over the waltz:
A dispute arose, whether the Waltz was an indecent dance ; and till this attempt at murder, we did not imagine that a single Englishman would stand up in its defence. To settle this dispute the parties took to their pistols, and we are glad to say returned unhurt ; but had the vindicator of the Waltz murdered his antagonist, we should not have been the more reconciled to this indecent exhibition from Germany.


When English dancers danced the waltz at the Prince Regent’s Grand Ball in 1816, The Times of London wrote:
We remarked with pain that the indecent foreign dance called the Waltz was introduced (we believe for the first time) at the English court on Friday last…. [I]t is quite sufficient to cast one’s eyes on the voluptuous intertwining of the limbs and close compressor on the bodies in their dance, to see that it is indeed far removed from the modest reserve which has hitherto been considered distinctive of English females. So long as this obscene display was confined to prostitutes and adulteresses, we did not think it deserving of notice; but now that it is attempted to be forced on the respectable classes of society by the civil examples of their superiors, we feel it a duty to warn every parent against exposing his daughter to so fatal a contagion.

The New World ran a piece that appealed to readers' patriotism in hoping that "with the feminine dignity and simplicity that so well becomes the daughters of a Republic like our own, they will discard the waltz as a dance revolting to modesty, and unfavorable to virtue...."


Belgravia magazine printed the following commentary on the waltz:
We who go forth of nights and see without the slightest discomposure our sister and our wife seized on by a strange man and subjected to violent embraces and canterings round a small-sized apartment—the only apparent excuse for such treatment being that is done to the sound of music—can scarcely realize the horror which greeted the introduction of this wicked dance. 

William Rulofson, under the pseudonym William Henry, published the book The Dance of Death in 1877 to show society "what a loathsome ulcer festers in its midst." He described the male waltz dancer as one whose "eyes, gleaming with a fierce intolerable lust, gloat[s] satyr-like over" his female dancing partner.

In an 1878 review of the book, Scientific Farmer said:
We thought, on reading the title, that we were to be treated to a dance by the author, as the title indicates ; but we soon found that the author was not writing his own dance-music, but finding fault with the dancing of others. It is probable that dancers will not be converted into non-dancers by reading this book, but those who have not yet learned the art may receive consolation from its pages. We agree, however, with the author, in his continuation and conclusion, that the modern waltz may be the instrument of evil. The book is finely gotten up, and is creditable to its publishers. It is strongly and fearlessly written, with an intensity of expression that is almost startling.


The Lutheran Witness ran a piece on dancing in which numerous moral authorities expressed their views. 

Rev. B.M. Palmer of New Orleans said:
Promiscuous dancing between the sexes is essentially voluptuous and demoralizing. The waltz—a species of dance I do not hesitate thus publicly to denounce as undisguisedly licentious.

Howard Crosby said:
The foundation for the vast amount of domestic misery and domestic crime which startles us often in its public outcroppings was laid when parents allowed the sacredness of their daughters' persons and the purity of their maiden instincts to be rudely shocked in the waltz.

Bishop Cleveland Coxe said:
The gross, debasing waltz would not be tolerated another year if Christian mothers in our communion would only set their faces against it and remove their daughters from its contaminations and their songs from that contempt of womanhood and womanly modesty which it begets.

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

1974's hot streak of streaking songs

1974 was the year of "The Streak." Streaking as an activity—that is, running naked through public places—had been around for centuries, but 1973 saw an outbreak of streaking incidents that received national media coverage and led to an outbreak of streaking songs in 1974.  

The streaking craze started at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas. The university had so many streaking incidents in 1973 that the president tried to contain the epidemic by designating a sanctioned streaking day in the spring of 1974. Streaking couldn't be contained, though, and it spread internationally to concerts, sporting events, and any other public happening that presented an opportunity and a crowd of spectators. 

Country star Ray Stevens was quick to act. His song "The Streak" was released in March of 1974 and sold 5 million copies. A flood of copycat streaking songs followed, but none was as successful as Stevens' record. By the end of the year, the streaking craze in music had died out; I know of only one streaking record that was released in 1975. As with the hula-hoop songs of 1958-59, a number of artists took a gamble on this seemingly lucrative opportunity that turned out to be not all that much of an opportunity. 

Today on Music Weird, we'll look at 1974's parade of streaking songs. I'm sure that I haven't listed all of them. 

The expression of streaking in music wasn't confined to songs, by the way. That year, Billboard reported that Canadian country star Ray Griff streaked across the stage at a Cal Smith concert and that disc jockey Peter C. Cavenaugh of WTAC-AM sent a picture of himself streaking to Claude Hall, Billboard's "Vox Jox" columnist. Streaking was everywhere, in the air, in print, on television, and on the airwaves.

Ray Stevens – "The Streak"  (Barnaby, 1974)

"If there's an audience to be found, he'll be streaking around," Stevens sings in the most successful streaking song of them all. It's halfway between a song and a skit, with its fake newscast segments and canned laughter. Stevens' album that contained this song, Boogity Boogity, pictured Stevens streaking on the cover. James Elliott released a competing cover version of "The Streak" in Australia.

Larry Black – "One, Two, Streaking" (RCA, 1974)

Country music, funk, and break-in comedy records were the musical genres that most ardently embraced the streaking craze. Larry Black's "One, Two, Streaking" is a mostly one-chord funk tune with group vocals. The flip side was another streaking song, "Streaking."

D'Jurann Jurrann – "Streakin'" (Dawn, 1974)

Paul King, the composer and producer of this British streakin' single, had been a member of Mungo Jerry in the early '70s. No audio. 

Four Guys – "Streakin' With My Baby" (Cinnamon, 1974)

A dryly humorous country song about streaking as a couples activity. The song's composer, Richard Garratt, was a radio personality who passed away last year.

Ohio Players – "Streakin' Cheek to Cheek" (Mercury, 1974)

Dayton's Ohio Players topped the charts with "Fire" and "Love Rollercoaster" but not with "Streakin' Cheek to Cheek," a funk workout with sparse vocals.

The Streakers – "Streakin', Part 2" (ABC, 1974)

This single by country music songwriter and producer Glenn Sutton charted in Kansas City. No audio.

Shorr's Streakers – "Streakin' '74"  (Virgil, 1974)

A break-in comedy record like those of Buchanan & Goodman, but less funny.

Harold Hardsell – "Speaking of Streaking" (ABC/Dunhill, 1974)

Another break-in comedy record as well as another streaking record from ABC/Dunhill, which also released the Streakers' "Streakin'," that Glenn Sutton record I was just talking about a couple of songs ago. The flip side of "Speaking of Streaking" was also a streaking song: "Streak Easy" by the Soul Streakers. 

Country J.T. – "My Fellow Streakers" (Johnny Dollar, 1974)

Yet another break-in comedy record. Country J.T. was John Telich Jr., the Cleveland sportscaster, and the record was produced by Johnny Dollar and released on his label with a Johnny Dollar song on the flip side.

Rick Springfield & Springfield Mass – "Streakin' Across the USA" (or UK/Australia) (Columbia, 1974)

It's incredible that Rick Springfield recorded a streaking song. This little-known record is the second greatest song of the whole streaking craze, after Ray Stevens' "The Streak." The song featured the vocal group Springfield Mass, who also contributed the flip side, "Music to Streak By." As part of an international marketing blitz, versions of the record were released for the U.S., Australia, and the U.K., with country-specific place names listed at the end, like in Tommy Facenda's 1959 hit "High School USA," which was released in different versions for different major U.S. cities (as well as in a generic "national version"). The video below has the Australian version of Springfield's record. You can listen to the U.S. version and the Springfield Mass b-side here. The song is a great call-to-action anthem that makes all listeners want to immediately start streaking.

High Voltage – "Streakin'" b/w "Here Comes the Streaker" (Drive, 1974)

I don't know anything about High Voltage, but their two streaking songs were co-written by former teen idol Steve Alaimo!

Randy Newman "The Naked Man" (Reprise, 1974)

A song about a purse-snatching streaker, from Newman's 1974 album Good Old Boys.

The Streaks – "Streakin' and Freakin'" (20th Century, 1974)

With a name like "The Streaks," you knew they'd be a fly-by-night act. In fact, they lasted for all of one single. "Streakin' and Freakin'" was co-written by the team that wrote Helen Reddy's "Keep On Singing" and Mark Lindsay's "California." No audio.

Matrix – "Streakin' Down the Avenue" (Motown, 1974)

Motown's entry into the streaking sweepstakes. Matrix had previously released a self-titled album on Motown's Rare Earth subsidiary in 1972. No audio. 

Jimmy Ward – "Midnight Streaker'" b/w "Streakin'" (Briarmeade, 1974)

I know nothing about this record. 

The Honey Drippers – "Streakin'" (Alaga, 1974)

A streaking instrumental. The band Campus Security also released an instrumental that was titled "Streakin'," and Greenfield Express released one called "The Streak."

Mike Foley & the New Streakers – "The International Streaker" (Pumpkin, 1974)

A novelty record from Australia. 

Dash Flasher and the Sreakers – "They Call It Streaking" (Ace, 1974)

I know nothing about this. 

New Village Streakers – "Streakin' USA" (Streak, 1974)

A streaking version of "Surfin' USA."

Happy Streakers – "Pa-Pa-Pa" b/w "Yellow Primrose" (Elektra, 1974)

The Happy Streakers' band name and cover art celebrated the streaker's art. 

Jean-Claude Pelletier – Streaking! (Disques Vogue, 1974)

An entire streaking album! It's instrumental, though—a funk effort from the French jazz pianist and composer Jean-Claude Pelletier.


Red Simpson – "Streakin' the Opryland Park" (Portland Ltd., 1975)

Truckin' country star Red Simpson turned to streakin' country with this single, which name checks a number of other county artists. 

Jerry Clower talks about streaking (1978)

Cornball country comic Jerry Clower, who was always on top of current events, talks here in 1978 about the "new fad" of streaking. I attended a Jerry Clower show once. Zzzz.

Monday, October 20, 2014

Rock 'n' roll etiquette: Celebrity books on manners from 1959-60

In the 1950s, amid widespread concerns about the negative influence of rock 'n' roll on teens, about juvenile delinquency, and about young people's moral lassitude in general, some of the respectable faces of rock 'n' roll wrote zany books of etiquette for teens. 

Parents could take comfort in knowing that their children were being schooled by some of the most successful and clean-cut pop celebrities of the day. Dick Clark was a swell disk spinner on TV, so he'd probably be the best person to teach your daughter about menstruation. Pat Boone drank a gallon of milk a day for health, so he should teach your daughter how to comport herself around boys.

These celebrity advice books weren't confined to the '50s and early '60s. I used to have a copy of a similar book by Susan Dey (of The Brady Bunch), which was published in 1972.

Today on Music Weird, we'll look at five rockin' and rollin' books of moral instruction.

Dick Clark – Your Happiest Years

Parents "have a strange way of being right most of the time," Dick Clark wrote in his 1959 self-help book for teens, Your Happiest Years, which covers—as Kirkus Reviews wrote—"the entire familiar range of adolescent problems—puberty, belonging, family conflict, dating, makeup, going steady, manners, the battle between the sexes, personality, and finally, reluctantly, teen-age marriage." 

Clark was, in the words of Arnold Shaw, "the great tranquilizer of the era, reassuring parents by his suave manner that rock 'n' roll was not bad...." As the "world's oldest teenager," Clark was uniquely positioned to provide teens with some low-key advice about menstruation and grooming. His lacquered hair was always perfectly sculpted, so his authority on the latter was unquestionable. 

You can read some quotations from the book here.

Pat Boone – Twixt' Twelve and Twenty: Pat Talks to Teenagers

Pat Boone was the "good boy" of rock and roll, and the second-biggest hit-maker of the '50s after Elvis Presley. Pat was a paragon of virtue, sporadically championing "good music" (when he wasn't covering other artists' rock hits) and generally setting a good example for the kids. When he covered Fats Domino's "Ain't That a Shame," he wanted to correct the grammar and sing it as "Isn't That a Shame," but his record label wouldn't let him. Too bad.

It's fun to make jokes about Pat Boone, but I'm a fan. I have the two big Bear Family box sets that compile his recordings through 1962, and I saw him live several years ago. He put on a great show. 

Boone wrote two advice books for teens: 'Twixt Twelve and Twenty (which was also the title of one of his hit songs) and Between You, Me and the Gatepost: A Heart-to-Heart Message for Teen-agers, which is featured next. Despite my fandom, I find 'Twixt Twelve and Twenty to be extremely irritating. The voice is cornball and the advice seems random. It's like sitting and listening to Pat pontificate for 176 pages. Oh, wait—that's exactly what the book is.

Here are a few quotations from 'Twixt Twelve and Twenty
No matter what the other girls tell you, I say, if you want to be attractive to boys always look your best! Let the other gals wear Dad's shirts and sloppy blue jeans—you'll have the guys all to yourself.
Kissing for fun is like playing with a beautiful candle in a room full of dynamite! And it's like any other beautiful thing—when it ceases to be rare, it loses its value and much of its beauty. I really think it's better to amuse ourselves in some other way. For your own future enjoyment I say go bowling, or to a basketball game, or watch a good TV program (like the Pat Boone Chevy show!), at least for a while.
Whether we've been spanked or not when we arrive at the teen age is entirely out of our hands. If we have been spanked, our reaction will determine whether we become "spanking" parents. It is simply one of the methods used to help children distinguish between right and wrong at an early age. And of course there are spankings—and there are spankings. There is the delayed spanking that sets in when you're too old to go across Mama's knee and have to wait until you get you home and lean over the bathtub. There is the angry spanking, and the loving spanking. My mother never gave "loving" spankings. I wouldn't know what they were. But hers weren't angry spankings either; they were intelligent and they were just. 

Pat Boone – Between You, Me and the Gatepost: A Heart-to-Heart Message for Teen-agers


Boone's second book for teens followed his first by only a year. But what more was there to say? 

It reminds me of Lawrence Welk's second autobiography, Ah-One, Ah-Two!: Life With My Musical Family. After Welk's first autobiography, Wunnerful, Wunnerful! became an unexpected hit, he was given the opportunity to write a second book. He didn't have much to say, though, so the most dramatic episode in the book is when someone gives him a ham and he doesn't know how he'll fit it on the plane. 


Connie Francis – For Every Young Heart: Connie Francis Talks to Teenagers


"Never wear slacks on a date," Connie Francis counseled teenage girls in her book For Every Young Heart. "I think slacks are an insult to a boy."

Francis seemed matronly even as a young woman, so she's just the kind of person you'd expect to deliver unsolicited advice about what to wear. 

I'd like to know how much content in these books (if any) was actually written by the nominal authors.

Patti Page – Once Upon a Dream: A Personal Chat with All Teenagers


Patti Page, the Singing Rage, was well past being a teen singer when she put her name on this advice book. She was in her 30s at the time, having started her recording career in the 1940s. 

Nevertheless, Page cut some rock and roll records. There's a pretty good bootleg CD of her rock-oriented cuts that is titled The Singing Rage Rocks. In 1959, a widespread belief in the music trade journals was that rock and roll was waning as teenagers' tastes matured and became more sophisticated. That trend boded well for traditional pop singers like Page, who theoretically would be able to start having hits again soon with the same kind of music they'd always made. It didn't quite work out that way for Page, though; she wouldn't have another Top 10 hit until 1965 (with the adult-contemporary ballad "Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte"), and then she defected to country music in the 1970s. 

In the book, Page has a lot to say about how girls should act and dress in order to get a husband:
If you will just remember that woman’s traditional role is to help a man make something of himself, you will realize that there is always the chance that you can help the drip of today become the man of the moment tomorrow.
You can read more quotations from the book here.


Friday, October 17, 2014

Hula-hoop songs of 1958-59

When the hula-hoop craze took off in 1958, the ensuing marketing (and buying) frenzy was compared to the Davy Crockett craze of 1955, which had every child in the nation wearing coonskin caps. In the grip of hula-hoop mania, county fairs held hula-hoop contests, novelty toy manufacturers sold wind-up hula-hooping monkeys, and recording artists piled on with records that were designed to cash in on the public's hunger for anything related to the hula hoop. The hula-hoop craze in music lasted only a few months, but hula hoops have been a standard item in toy stores ever since.
Although hoops like the hula hoop had been around for millennia, the Wham-O toy company introduced the plastic hula hoop in the summer of 1958. The toy's name coincided with a surge of interest in Hawaiian music and reflected the similarity of hoop users' gyrating hips to those of hula dancers.

Hula hoops were an instant smash and quickly became a benchmark of success in marketing. In 1959, a number of manufacturers optimistically touted their products as "the next hula hoop." In 1960, in advertisements for Ray Bryant's hit "It's Madison Time," Columbia Records described the dance of the same name as "the biggest epidemic since the hula hoop." Rolf Harris' "Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport" was also advertised in 1960 as the biggest thing since the hula hoop. None of these things was as big as the hula hoop, but the claim made for good ad copy.

The highest-profile hoop records were also among the first ones to appear. Georgia Gibbs recorded "The Hula Hoop Song," which gave her one of the last Top 40 hits of her career. The song was practically an advertising jingle for hula hoops and asserted that even 110-year-old people could use them. When I interviewed Gibbs, she was dismissive of "The Hula Hoop Song." "I had no say" in recording the song, she said, and expressed a dislike of novelty material in general. (She preferred to sing ballads.) Teresa Brewer covered "The Hula Hoop Song" and siphoned off some of Gibbs' sales. In France, Billboard reported, Gibbs' record was used "as an instruction guide to using the hoops."

Betty Johnson, who'd had an earlier novelty hit with "The Little Blue Man," cut "Hoopa Hoola (With a Hula Hoop)," which referenced a number of other hit songs of the day and reached Billboard's Hot 100. Steve Allen recorded a song called "Hula Hoop" and premiered it on his NBC-TV show in a lavish choreographed production. Maureen Evans gave hoop songs a whirl with her own version of "The Hula Hoop Song" and included a cover of Johnson's "Hoopa Hoola" on the flip side for good measure. 

Pop vocal music wasn't the only genre in which hula-hoop songs could be found. Johnny McDowell and Grady Boles recorded the instrumental single "Hula-Hoop Boogie" b/w "Beat of the Hoops." The recordings were probably given those titles to capitalize on the craze rather than to reflect any real connection with hula hooping. J.D. Orr and the Lonesome Valley Boys entered the ring with a country boogie that was also titled "Hula Hoop Boogie" but was a vocal number; the lyrics said that the hula hoop was overtaking rock and roll in popularity. The Platters, an R&B group, recorded "Hula Hop," and the Frank Woharowski Orchestra served up some hula-hooping polkas on the album Hula Hoop Polka (pictured at the top of this post). David Carr Glover wrote a beginner's piano piece, "My Hula Hoop," that was sold as sheet music in 1958.

The hula-hoop craze wasn't confined to the United States, either. A number of hula-hoop songs appeared around the world in 1958. In Germany, Angèle Durand recorded a German-language version of "Hoopa Hoola" as "Hula Hopp," and rocker Ted Herold offered "Hula Rock (Roll, Rock 'n' Roll That Hula Hoop)." In France, Annie Cordy recorded "Houla Houp." In Finland, Olavi Virta released a two-sided hula-hoop single that included the song "Hula Hula Hula Hula Hula Hoop." And in Italy, Teddy Reno released a two-sided hoop disc that included the song "Tempo Di Hula Hoop."  

As Christmas 1958 approached, the inevitable hula-hooping holiday novelties hit the shops. The Pixies (with Thurl Ravenscroft!) had "Santa's Too Fat for the Hula Hoop," which was released in December, with Thurl providing the booming voice of Santa. In the Chipmunks' chart-topping hit "The Christmas Song," released the same month, Alvin the Chipmunk expressed his desire to receive a hula hoop for Christmas. 

The fad for hoop songs had mostly run its course by the end of the Christmas season, but a handful of hula-hoop records trickled out in early 1959. Hal Singer released "Hula Hoop Rock" on Time Records in the U.S., but most of the remaining hoop records appeared in other countries. Ana Maria cut "La Canción del Hula-Hoop," and Giorgio Gaber cut a version of "The Hula Hoop Song" for Italy. Thereafter, hula-hoop records were few and far between. Dave "Baby" Cortez released "Hula Hoop (Shoop Shoop)" in 1967, but—musically as well as thematically—it seemed like a song that had been recorded years earlier.

I can't immediately think of another popular toy that inspired such a rash of novelty songs. Neither the Slinky, the Frisbee, pet rocks, nor lawn darts made appreciable dents in popular music (although Ed's Redeeming Qualities recorded a great song about lawn darts.) The actual "biggest epidemic since the hula hoop" in music would be the Twist craze, which dominated music from 1960-62 and continued to generate the occasional hit for two years thereafter.